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Colorado Vietnam Veterans Against the War records

 Collection
Identifier: COU:443

Scope and Contents

The Colorado Vietnam Veterans Against the War Collection consists of five consecutive monthly editions of the Hòa Bình (Vietnamese for “peace”) newsletter, published by the Colorado Vietnam Veterans Against the War. The editions were published between December 1971 and May 1972. However, they did not release an edition in April 1972. The collection has one packet that contains all of the editions of the newsletter.

Dates

  • 1971 - 1972

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for access.

Conditions Governing Use

Limited duplication of materials allowed for research purposes. User is responsible for all copyright compliance.

Biographical / Historical

The national organization of Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW) was founded in 1967 by several Vietnam veterans who wished to create an organization to fight for the rights of all veterans in order to demonstrate the negative effects war could have on soldiers. After marching in a peace demonstration in New York in 1967, several Vietnam veterans, most notably Jan Barry, formed the organization. The founders saw VVAW grow to roughly 30,000 members at the height of the anti-Vietnam War sentiment in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. Initially, the organization intended to illustrate the negative sentiments many veterans felt about their service in Indochina, and to voice their opposition to what those veterans saw as a useless war. One of the most famous examples of VVAW expressing themselves was the 1971 Winter Soldier Investigation, during which a group of Vietnam veterans in Detroit gave accounts of atrocious acts that American soldiers committed during the Vietnam Conflict. Members of the VVAW also participated in numerous peace demonstrations, and loudly voiced their opinion that many veterans did not receive the help they needed. Consequently, the VVAW established numerous programs that aided veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The organization also attempted to create legal legislation to help improve veterans’ hospital conditions and to make access to post-service employment easier to obtain. As well, all of the organization’s endeavors aspired to circulate their over-arching sentiments that the American government did not grant veterans the help they deserved, and to spread general anti-war opinions.

Although much reduced in influence and membership, VVAW still exists today as a non-profit organization and sponsors a variety of programs that aid veterans as they reintegrate into society. The organization publishes a biannual newspaper titled The Veteran. The newspaper has had several titles over the course of its history. It was originally called 1st Casualty from 1971-1972, then renamed as The Winter Soldier from 1973-1975, until receiving its contemporary title of The Veteran in 1975.

The Colorado banch of VVAW existed from approximately the middle of 1971-May 1972, and was made of up branches spread throughout Colorado. There were active chapters in Greely, Fort Collins, and Boulder. Along with Wyoming and Utah, Colorado was one of many Western states, to have local branches of the VVAW. Colorado’s local chapters participated in numerous demonstrations and opened houses where homeless veterans could live. The Colorado VVAW also created employment, drug rehabilitation, and hospital improvement programs to help Colorado’s veterans. The Colorado VVAW was seemingly well structured as an organization, as they held a state convention in 1972, met regularly to discuss chapter policies and proposals, sent a delegation to the national VVAW convention, and held elections for positions such as State Coordinator. David Rosen was Colorado VVAW’s State Coordinator in 1972. The association also held a Van Morrison benefit concert for their organization at Mackey Auditorium in 1972. The Colorado chapter of the VVAW was a non-profit association funded by individual contributions. They allegedly were constrained financially due to their costs of producing a monthly newsletter, and for the rent their Denver headquarters had to pay.

The organization also published their own monthly Hòa Bình (Vietnamese for “peace”) newsletter. Originally, the newsletter was primarily authored by the Colorado VVAW’s Regional Coordinator, Gary Mundt, until David Rosen apparently became the State Coordinator in 1972. The newsletter lists the address of their headquarters in Denver during this time, however phonebooks and city directories from 1970-1974 do not contain any reference or information about their existence. The only information known about the Colorado VVAW comes from the editions of the Hòa Bình newsletter housed in the collection. Information of their existence before or after is not known. The collection begins with the fifth instalment of the first volume of the newsletter in December 1971. After the New Year, the subsequent editions of the newsletter begin with volume two number one in January 1972. Thus, it is likely that there were several months of Colorado VVAW activity recorded in the earlier 1971 publications of the newsletter, but the current collection does not contain the first four editions of Hòa Bình.

Extent

.25 linear feet (1 box)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

The national Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW) is an organization that was created in 1967 to provide for the rights of all veterans in the United States. The Colorado branch of the VVAW existed from at least the middle of 1971-May 1972. The Colorado Vietnam Veterans Against the War Collection contains editions of the Colorado organization’s monthly newsletter of the group, Hoa Binh (peace), published between December 1971-May 1972.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into the following serie I. “HÒA BÌNH” NEWSLETTER

Status
Completed
Author
Processed by Paulette Foss, August 1992 Edited by Evan Fernández, February 2015
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the University of Colorado Boulder Libraries, Rare and Distinctive Collections Repository

Contact:
1720 Pleasant Street
184 UCB
Boulder Colorado 80503 United States